An Islamic State cell killed five members of the same family at a checkpoint on the edge of their village north of Baghdad early on Saturday, a police official said.
The killings took place in Baiji district, around 200 kilometres north of the capital, the official said.
"A group of Daesh (ISIS) fighters came from the Hamrin mountains, crossed the Tigris River after midnight and attacked the checkpoint at the entrance to the village of Albu Juwari, north of Baiji," he said.
Five members of the family were killed and a sixth was in a critical condition, he said.
All were members of a tribal militia operating under the umbrella of the Hashed al-Shaabi (Popular Mobilisation) paramilitary force that has fought the jihadists.
ISIS, which once controlled swathes of Iraq and neighbouring Syria, has been pushed back by multiple offensives and ousted from all of Iraq's towns and cities, including the capital of its self-declared "caliphate", Mosul.
But despite Iraq declaring victory over the jihadists in December, they have continued to use sparsely populated areas such as the Hamrin mountains as launchpads for attacks.